• Vaping
  • Risks
  • Devices
  • Liquids/Substances


Talking With Your Teen About Vaping (Download PDF)

Vaping is the act of inhaling and exhaling an aerosol produced by a vaping product, such as an electronic cigarette. Vaping doesn’t require burning like cigarette smoking. The device heats a liquid into a vapour, which then turns into aerosol. This vapour is often flavoured and can contain nicotine.

Vaping devices are usually battery-powered. They may come with removable parts. Vaping products have many names, including:

  • mods
  • vapes
  • sub-ohms
  • vape pens
  • e-hookahs
  • tank systems
  • electronic cigarettes / e-cigarettes
  • electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS)

Devices may also be known by various brand names.

Know the Risks

Consider the Consequences of Vaping (Health Canada Website)

Vaping can lead to nicotine addiction.
Vaping can deliver nicotine to your body, causing you to crave it more and more, leading to addiction and physical dependence. In teens, vaping nicotine can also alter brain development.

Vaping can cause lung damage.
Vaping can expose you to harmful chemicals like formaldehyde and acrolein, and metals and contaminants like nickel, tin and aluminum. You don’t want any of these in your lungs!

The long-term health impacts of vaping are unknown.
Some of the chemicals found in vaping liquid, like vegetable glycerine and propylene glycol, are safe for use in products like cosmetics and sweeteners but the long-term safety of inhaling these substances is unknown and continues to be assessed. Why risk it?

For more details regarding the potential health risks of vaping, please visit https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/smoking-tobacco/vaping/risks.html

Source: Government of Canada

Vaping Devices

Most vaping devices consist of a:

  • battery
  • mouthpiece
  • heating element
  • chamber, such as a tank or reservoir to contain a liquid solution

Most vaping devices use electrical power from a battery to heat a liquid solution. The heat causes the solution to become vaporized. The vapour then condenses into an aerosol, which is breathed in by the user through the mouthpiece.

Vaping devices are available in many shapes and sizes. Some are small and look like USB drives or pens, while others are much larger.

There are two kinds of vaping devices:

  • open, which means they can be refilled
  • closed, which means either the whole product, or the part that holds the vaping substances, can’t be refilled

Vaping Liquids/Substances

Most vaping substances available for sale:

  • are flavoured
  • contain nicotine
  • are liquids, but some are offered as:
    • wax
    • herbs

In vaping liquids, nicotine and/or flavouring compounds are dissolved in a liquid mixture. This mixture is typically propylene glycol and/or glycerol (vegetable glycerin).

In the vaping substances that contain nicotine, the level of nicotine can vary widely. Some mixtures have:

  • very low levels of nicotine
  • more nicotine than in a typical tobacco cigarette

Flavouring compounds consist of chemicals and blends of chemicals used to make different flavours.

Vaping products produce an aerosol that may contain dozens of chemicals. The ingredients typically found in vaping liquids are also found in the aerosol. They include:

  • glycerol
  • flavours
  • propylene glycol
  • nicotine (possibly)